Status of the Convention

The Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction was simultaneously opened for signature in Moscow, Washington DC and London on 10 April 1972 and entered into force on 26 March 1975.

As of June 2005:

Number of Signatories = 171
Number of Ratifications and Accessions = 155 (16 Signatories have yet to ratify the Convention)
Number of Non-Signatories = 23

Declarations and Reservations

Afghanistan signed 10-04-72 and ratified 26-03-75
Albania acceded 03-06-92
Algeria acceded 22-07-01
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda acceded 29-01-03
Argentina signed 01-08-72 and ratified 27-11-79
Armenia acceded 07-06-94
Australia signed 10-04-72 and ratified 05-10-77
Austria signed 10-04-72 and ratified 10-08-73
Azerbaijan acceded 26-02-04
Bahamas acceded 26-11-86
Bahrain acceded 28-10-88
Bangladesh acceded11-03-85
Barbados signed 16-02-73 and ratified 16-02-73
Belarus signed 10-04-72 and ratified 26-03-75
Belgium signed 10-04-72 and ratified 15-03-79
Belize acceded 20-10-86
Benin signed 10-04-72 and ratified 25-04-75
Bhutan acceded 08-06-78
Bolivia signed 10-04-72 and ratified 30-10-75
Bosnia and Herzegovina acceded 15-08-94
Botswana signed 10-04-72 and ratified 05-02-92
Brazil signed 10-04-72 and ratified 27-02-73
Brunei Darussalam acceded 31-01-91
Bulgaria signed 10-04-72 and ratified 02-08-72
Burkina Faso acceded 17-04-91
Burundi signed 10-04-72
Cambodia signed 10-04-72 and ratified 09-03-83
Cameroon
Canada signed 10-04-72 and ratified 18-09-72
Cape Verde acceded 20-10-77
Central African Republic signed 10-04-72
Chad
Chile signed 10-04-72 and ratified 22-04-80
China acceded 15-11-84
Colombia signed 10-04-72 and ratified 19-12-83
Comoros
Congo acceded 23-10-78
Cook Islands
Costa Rica signed 10-04-72 and ratified 17-12-73
Côte d'Ivoire signed 23-05-72
Croatia acceded 28-04-93
Cuba signed 10-04-72 and ratified 21-04-76
Cyprus signed 10-04-72 and ratified 06-11-73
Czech Republic acceded 05-04-93
Democratic Republic of the Congo signed 10-04-72 and ratified 16-09-75
Democratic People's Republic of Korea acceded 13-03-87
Denmark signed 10-04-72 and ratified 01-03-73
Djibouti
Dominica acceded 08-11-78
Dominican Republic signed 10-04-72 and ratified 23-02-73
Ecuador signed 14-06-72 and ratified 21-03-75
Egypt signed 10-04-72
El Salvador signed 10-04-72 and ratified 31-12-91
Equatorial Guinea acceded 16-01-89
Eritrea
Estonia acceded 21-06-93
Ethiopia signed 10-04-72 and ratified 26-05-75
Fiji signed 22-02-73 and ratified 04-09-73
Finland signed 10-04-72 and ratified 04-02-74
France acceded 27-09-84
Gabon signed 10-04-72
Gambia signed 02-06-72 and ratified 21-11-91
Georgia acceded 22-05-96
Germany signed 10-04-72 and ratified 28-11-72
Ghana signed 10-04-72 and ratified 06-06-75
Greece signed 10-04-72 and ratified 10-12-75
Grenada acceded 22-10-86
Guatemala signed 09-05-72 and ratified 19-09-73
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau acceded 20-08-76
Guyana signed 03-01-73
Haiti signed 10-04-72
Holy See signed 04-01-02 and ratified 04-01-02
Honduras signed 10-04-72 and ratified 14-03-79
Hungary signed 10-04-72 and ratified 27-12-72
Iceland signed 10-04-72 and ratified 15-02-73
India signed 15-01-73 and ratified 15-07-74
Indonesia signed 20-06-72 and ratified 19-02-92
Iran (Islamic Republic of) signed 10-04-72 and ratified 22-08-73
Iraq signed 11-05-72 and ratified 19-06-91
Ireland signed 10-04-72 and ratified 27-10-72
Israel
Italy signed 10-04-72 and ratified 30-05-75
Jamaica acceded 13-08-75
Japan signed 10-04-72 and ratified 08-06-82
Jordan signed 10-04-72 and ratified 30-05-75
Kazakhstan
Kenya acceded 07-01-76
Kiribati
Kuwait signed 14-04-72 and ratified 18-07-72
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People's Democratic Republic signed 10-04-72 and ratified 20-03-73
Latvia acceded 06-02-97
Lebanon signed 10-04-72 and ratified 26-03-75
Lesotho signed 10-04-72 and ratified 06-09-77
Liberia signed 10-04-72
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya acceded 19-01-82
Liechtenstein acceded 30-05-91
Lithuania acceded 10-02-98
Luxembourg signed 10-04-72 and ratified 23-03-76
Madagascar signed 13-10-72
Malawi signed 10-04-72
Malaysia signed 10-04-72 and ratified 06-09-91
Maldives acceded 02-08-93
Mali signed 10-04-72 and ratified 25-11-02
Malta signed 11-09-72 and ratified 07-04-75
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius signed 10-04-72 and ratified 07-08-72
Mexico signed 10-04-72 and ratified 08-04-74
Micronesia (Federated States of)
Monaco acceded 30-04-99
Mongolia signed 10-04-72 and ratified 05-09-72
Morocco signed 02-05-72 and ratified 21-03-02
Mozambique
Myanmar (Burma) signed 10-04-72
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal signed 10-04-72
Netherlands signed 10-04-72 and ratified 22-06-81
New Zealand signed 10-04-72 and ratified 13-12-72
Nicaragua signed 10-04-72 and ratified 07-08-75
Niger signed 21-04-72 and ratified 23-06-72
Nigeria signed 03-07-72 and ratified 03-07-73
Niue
Norway signed 10-04-72 and ratified 01-08-73
Oman acceded 31-03-92
Pakistan signed 10-04-72 and ratified 25-09-74
Palau acceded 20-02-03
Panama signed 02-05-72 and ratified 20-03-74
Papua New Guinea acceded 27-10-80
Paraguay acceded 09-06-76
Peru signed 10-04-72 and ratified 05-06-85
Philippines signed 10-04-72 and ratified 21-05-73
Poland signed 10-04-72 and ratified 25-01-73
Portugal signed 29-06-72 and ratified 15-05-75
Qatar signed 14-11-72 and ratified 17-04-75
Republic of Korea signed 10-04-72 and ratified 25-06-87
Republic of Moldova
Romania signed 10-04-72 and ratified 25-07-79
Russian Federation signed 10-04-72 and ratified 26-03-75
Rwanda signed 10-04-72 and ratified 20-05-75
Saint Kitts and Nevis acceded 02-04-91
Saint Lucia acceded 26-11-86
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines acceded 13-05-99
Samoa
San Marino signed 12-09-72 and ratified 11-03-75
Sao Tome and Principe acceded 24-08-79
Saudi Arabia signed 12-04-72 and ratified 24-05-72
Senegal signed 10-04-72 and ratified 26-03-75
Serbia and Montenegro signed 10-04-72 and ratified 25-10-73
Seychelles acceded 11-10-79
Sierra Leone signed 07-11-72 and ratified 29-06-76
Singapore signed 19-06-72 and ratified 02-12-75
Slovakia acceded 17-05-93
Slovenia acceded 07-04-92
Solomon Islands acceded 17-06-81
Somalia signed 03-07-72
South Africa signed 10-04-72 and ratified 03-11-75
Spain signed 10-04-72 and ratified 20-06-79
Sri Lanka signed 10-04-72 and ratified 18-11-86
Sudan acceded 17-10-03
Suriname acceded 06-01-93
Swaziland acceded 18-06-91
Sweden signed 27-02-75 and ratified 05-02-76
Switzerland signed 10-04-72 and ratified 04-05-76
Syrian Arab Republic signed 14-04-72
Tajikistan
Thailand signed 17-01-73 and ratified 28-05-75
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia acceded 24-12-96
Timor Leste acceded 05-05-03
Togo signed 10-04-72 and ratified 10-11-76
Tonga acceded 28-09-76
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia signed 10-04-72 and ratified 18-05-73
Turkey signed 10-04-72 and ratified 25-10-74
Turkmenistan acceded11-01-96
Tuvalu
Uganda acceded 12-05-92
Ukraine signed 10-04-72 and ratified 26-03-75
United Arab Emirates signed 28-09-72
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland signed 10-04-72 and ratified 26-03-75
United Republic of Tanzania signed 16-08-72
United States of America signed 10-04-72 and ratified 26-03-75
Uruguay acceded 06-04-81
Uzbekistan acceded 11-01-96
Vanuatu acceded 12-10-90
Venezuela signed 10-04-72 and ratified 18-10-78
Viet Nam acceded 20-06-80
Yemen signed 26-04-72 and ratified 01-06-79
Zambia
Zimbabwe acceded 05-11-90

Top | Copyright/Disclaimer | Contact